Hostile Aggression (Simms' Personality Disorder Scales Static Form) | Study Task

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This scale reflects a pattern of hostile and violent behavior that is either instrumental (i.e., instigated by the individual to achieve a specific goal or purpose) or reactive (i.e., in response to some environmental stimulus). In addition, the scale taps the tendency to be resentful, mean-spirited, vindictive, and sadistic.